viernes, 6 de noviembre de 2009

sábado, 15 de noviembre de 2008

lunes, 10 de noviembre de 2008


NATIONAL SYMBOLS: England, Scotland and Wales
Countries often have national symbols or emblems. Britain is usually shown as a lion or a bulldog. The USA has an eagle as its symbol. Australia uses a kangaroo, in Spain the bull.
Countries have their own national colours, too. These are usually the colours of the national flag. The patriotic colours in Britain and the USA are red, while and blue. Companies and political parties often use these colours to create a feeling of national pride.

The different parts of Britain have their own emblems, too. They are all plants. You can see them on pound coins:
England has the rose. Sctland has the thistle. Wales has the leek.

In the fifteenth century there was a long series of wars in England, which was called the Wars of the Roses. It was fought between the Dukes of Lancaster and the Dukes of York over who should be king. The emblem of Lancaster was the red rose and the emblem of York was the white rose. Eventually the Duke of Lancaster won, so the rose in the English emblem is the red rose.

Each country has its own colour, too. These are used, for example, for football or rugby teams. The colours for the different parts of Britain are:
England white, Scotland blue, Wales red.
These colours come from the national flags. The English flag is white with a red cross. The Scottish flag has a white cross on a blue background. The Welsh flag shows a red dragon.

lunes, 20 de octubre de 2008


Don Quijote de la Mancha is a book written by Miguel de Cervantes in the 16th century. It is a novel about chivalry , and one of the most interesting and amusing books I have ever read.
The story takes place in Spain , in a place called La Mancha. The two main characters are Don Quijote and Sancho Panza. Don Quijote is a knight who is absolutely obsessed with books about chivalry and is determined to help any lady in danger and to do justice, Sancho Panza is his squire. He follows his master, Don Qujote, because he was promised an island in return for his services. Throughout the book, they travel all over Spain and get into de most unbelievable and sometimes ridiculous situations.
But the book is much more than entertainment, Don Quijote represents idealism, and Sancho Panza, everyday reality. While Don Quijote lives in a world of fantasy, Sancho acts as a counterbalance. Together, they give a more complete picture of human nature, and, far from cancelling each other out, they seem to complement each other, just as realism and idealism are parts of all of us.
I was really impressed by the description of the places, characters and situations. Miguel de Cervantes uses a humorous style to show the reader that life should be a mixture of idealistic and sensible attitudes to life. I really enjoyed reading the book and would recommend it to anyone.
Richmond Publishing:

jueves, 4 de septiembre de 2008


There are several groups in Britain which try to protect the environment. The most famous group is Greenpeace, which campaigns in many countries around the world. They have campaigned against hunting whales, pollution in the North Sea, nuclear power, testing nuclear weapons, and many other issues. Greenpeace supporters organize demonstrations and they also take direct action. For example, they block pipes that pour pollution into the sea.
Another important environment group is Friends of the Earth. They have led campaigns against global warming, the destruction of the rain forest, and the hole in the ozone layer. There is also a green Party, which is a political party. It regularly fights elections and it has won seats in the European Parliament and on local councils.
There are many other groups which are concerned with protecting the environment, for example, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB), which campaigns to protect birds against dangers such as pesticides and hunting. Some environmental groups are very old. The oldest is the National Trust which was set up in 1895 to protect parks, buildings and monuments in Britain.